Authorities who carried out their first full day of investigation into a US spacecraft crash that killed one pilot and seriously injured another say the probe could take a year.
At a news conference late on Saturday, National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) acting chairman Christopher Hart said debris from the SpaceShipTwo rocket crash was strewn over an area eight kilometres long, indicating a likely in-flight breakup, and would be part of an investigation lasting up to 12 months.
British tycoon and Virgin chief Richard Branson meanwhile insisted earlier in the day that he was undeterred and that his dream of commercial space travel was still alive.
The doomed Virgin flight – the 35th by SpaceShipTwo, which is meant to carry tourists on short but expensive trips to space – marked the first time the spaceship had flown on a new kind of plastic-based rocket fuel mixture.
A team of US federal investigators launched a probe of the causes of Friday’s accident, which dealt a devastating setback to commercial space tourism.
Although piecing together the facts and analysis surrounding the accident would be lengthy, Hart said the on-site investigation would last four to seven days.
Hart earlier told reporters that investigators were entering unknown territory since it was “the first time we have been in the lead of a space launch that involved persons on board”.
However, he sounded a positive note late on Saturday adding that as a test flight, the spaceship “was heavily documented in ways we don’t usually see with normal accidents”.
That included six cameras on the vehicle and three on WhiteKnightTwo – the bigger aircraft that had carried the spaceship.
There was also extensive telemetry data and a long-range camera at nearby Edwards Air Force Base, among other sources of input, he said.
The crash was the second disaster to rock the private space industry in the space of a few days, after an Antares rocket carrying supplies to the International Space Station exploded after take-off in Virginia on Tuesday.
Early theories about the causes of the latest crash have focused on the fuel, amid reports the company was repeatedly warned of concerns about its safety.
A rubber-based fuel was previously used.
Speaking to reporters after arriving in the California facility that had served as the hub of Virgin Galactic’s space program, Branson said safety remained his paramount concern.
“We owe it to our test pilots to find out exactly what went wrong, and once we’ve found out what went wrong, if we can overcome it, we’ll make absolutely certain that the dream lives on,” a grim-faced Branson told reporters.
“We do understand the risks involved, and we’re not going to push on blindly.
“Safety has always been our number one priority,” he added before heading off to rally grieving Virgin Galactic staff at the Mojave Air and Space Port.
The surviving pilot, Peter Siebold, is now “alert and talking with his family and doctors,” plane designer and builder Scaled Composites said in a statement.
It named the dead pilot as 39-year-old Michael Alsbury, a father of two.
SpaceShipTwo hurtled to the ground and crashed shortly after it had detached from a mothership at an altitude of around 13,700 metres during a test flight.
Experts say the accident will delay the advent of commercial space tourism by several years.
Virgin Galactic had hoped to start ferrying wealthy customers to the edge of space in 2015, charging $US250,000 ($A270,490) per person for a ticket on the company’s six-seater vehicle.
Around 500 people, including a slew of celebrities such as Hollywood star Leonardo DiCaprio, have already reserved tickets on the first wave of Virgin Galactic flights, according to reports.
Branson said anyone who wanted to cancel their reservation would get their money back.
The accident is not the first tragedy to strike the Virgin Galactic program.
In 2007, three people were killed after a rocket designed for use in SpaceShipTwo exploded during testing.